An Iconic Western Heritage Home
The OX is an iconic location that is at the heart of our Western American Heritage. Founded in 1894 as the Rock Springs Land & Cattle Company by George Briggs and LeRoy Blackburn, the ranch grazed at times more than 10,000 cattle on a fifty-square-mile fenceless range.
A massive drought from 1920 to 1928 contributed to changes in the Mojave. The Rock Springs Land & Cattle Company dissolved under the drought pressure, and most of the cattle had perished on the range, but the remainder were rounded up and sold in urban markets. In September 1928, the Nevada part of the Rock Springs range was sold. The rest of the California lands were sold to a group headed by Claud Halsell, Sr., who took complete control within a year of the ranch they called the OX. The Ranch continued in operation with various owners until it came under the National Park Service in the late 1990’s and has been used for several National Park Service Housing purposes.
Today this great ranch house with its rich heritage is available for the arts, and the Artists in Residence program.